ASEAN Youth Statement 2012

ASEAN Youth Forum 2012 has been held from 26-28 March 2012 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. This forum is a pre-event before the annual ASEAN People’s Forum, which will be held on 29-31 March 2012 which serve as a platform for civil society in ASEAN countries from cross-sectional issues to share what’s really happening in South East Asia countries. IPPF ESEAOR Youth Network have our youth representative from Cambodia MA, RHAC to participate in this event and be a part of this recommendation. Young people in this forum has made a recommendation toward ASEAN leaders, here they are:

ASEAN Youth Statement 2012: Our uproar for a better life in our ASEAN community

We, the youth leaders of Southeast Asia representing the countries of Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam, and youth representatives from China are once again making our voices heard, mainstreaming our issues and initiating our role in actively promoting, monitoring and protecting our rights and freedoms as peoples of the ASEAN community.

We bring to the forefront our concerns which totally affect our lifestyles in this region. We stand united in pursuing a WHOLISTIC approach to effectively address and politicize youth issues at the local, national and regional levels.

We urgently demand for immediate action in facilitating the full actualization of our Humanity: OUR MIND, OUR BODY and OUR HEART.

OUR MIND

Governments and civil societies must realize, acknowledge and fully understand that young people play a huge role in the community and society right at this very moment and every moment. We envision a sustainable and people-centered ASEAN in which we play important and meaningful acts to achieve our common objective as a region. We urge our governments and civil society to realize young people’s rights to access to information, get capacity building, and involved meaningfully within ASEAN, our communities, countries and the world.

Sustainable and Quality Education for All

Since it was established, ASEAN community has shared common issues related to our education: (1) insufficient qualified teaching staffs, (2) poor education facilities, (3) unequal education opportunities for key populations, vulnerable and marginalized groups_, and (4) lack of programs that cater to the career wants of the youth. Young people in ASEAN must be empowered to access free and qualified basic education so that they can address their needs in order to find their own solutions, make their own decisions, and realize their own choices.

  • We strongly urge the ASEAN to establish the regional education standard which fully ensures the quality of academics, especially in rural and remote areas by enhancing their capacity through sustainable training programs and support for research activities and higher studies.
  • We urge governments to spend at least 20% of their national budget for primary education to provide acceptable salaries for all school staff, improve accessibility in terms of cost and facilities and to allocate budget for curriculum reform.
  • We urge ASEAN to focus its policies on ensuring Education for All, particularly for youth in key populations.
  • We urge ASEAN to strengthen policies which will foster full access to and enhance quality of alternative education such as vocational studies, life skills education and community-based education.
  • We urge ASEAN governments to regulate and restrict policies that would lead to commercialization of education.
  • We urge ASEAN governments to establish, support and integrate an ASEAN Community Volunteer Center/Network in all levels of education in every country in Southeast Asia.

OUR HEART

We are witnessing a massive decline of understanding and interest from the majority of ASEAN youth in taking part in the movement for a better, people-centered and human rights-based ASEAN community. Young people in ASEAN should be empowered to ensure the sustainability within ASEAN to be a better, people-centered, and human rights-based community.

Meaningful Youth Participation in all parts of the Region
There is a limited and restricted space for freedom of expression and meaningful participation among youth from diverse groups in many parts of the Southeast Asian region. Most existing youth groups have been expressing their opinions and taking concrete actions on critical issues in public without legal protections.

  • We demand the ASEAN governments to fully recognize the voice of the youth, in response to addressing their issues at all levels. The ASEAN Youth Forum must be given full recognition in its efforts to sustain a free space for discussion among youths, to provide relevant recommendations and to actively monitor policies related to their issues.
  • We demand ASEAN governments to fully support and encourage the establishment of more youth forums and dialogues between governments, youth organizations and individuals from all sectors.
  • We demand for the establishment of mechanisms and to ensure their effective implementation within ASEAN for meaningful youth involvement (including key population and various youth sectors) especially in decision making processes, meeting and activities.
  • We call for strong support for young people’s meaningful participation, leadership and involvement at all levels and types of decision making on sexual and reproductive health and rights, education, environment, and peace including in policy creation, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
  • We demand for ASEAN governments to invest in youth leadership by increasing their capacity and knowledge on ASEAN mechanisms through active participation in forums and workshops.
  • We strongly demand ASEAN governments to establish a rights-based legal framework on the protection of political youth individuals, groups, and movements.

Engaging Young People at the Heart of Democratization, Peace building and Conflict Transformation

Conflict and violence still exist in many ASEAN countries. These are brought about by political unrest, national interest, social benefits, and faulty historical teaching. Examples of conflict issues are: border conflict, labor rights violation, discrimination of migration workers by State authorities and companies and natural resource exploitation such as land concession, dams, deforestation, etc. Conflicts among government and civil society have been on-going in many ASEAN countries. The youth still face political fear and are unaware of many political issues. Moreover, they fall as victims to state, community and domestic violence.

  • We strongly demand ASEAN governments to initiate efforts on democratization and peace building.
  • We demand ASEAN governments to support an independent committee, consisting of country representatives from each ASEAN State, to develop a people-centered history of the Southeast Asian region.
  • We urge the ASEAN to pursue a regional educational program which fosters understanding among its peoples specifically young people. Peace learning modules and cultural exchange programs should be included in all curricula.
  • We strongly encourage ASEAN leaders to prioritize peaceful methods such as dialogues, negotiation (with the participation of the youth) in solving conflicts and promoting social justice.
  • We strongly ask for the common ASEAN labor law in order to protect and promote the rights of young, local and migrant workers within countries in the region.

OUR BODY
We are currently living in a context which threatens our health and the environment around us. More and more of our ASEAN youths perish because of ineffective, lack of policies and promotion of these policies as well as gaps of implementation which greatly affect our bodies and the ecosystem we co-exist with in achieving sustainable development.

Better Protection and Promotion of Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights, Policies and Services

There is indeed an immense gap on the comprehensive information of young people’s sexuality, which is a key factor in enabling young people to make informed choices to enjoying the highest attainable quality of life.

  • We demand for ASEAN governments, ASEAN secretariat and committees leaders to acknowledge and prioritize the universality of young people’s sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) as human rights especially in addressing our sexual diversity and gender identity.
  • We strongly urge the ASEAN governments to provide access to comprehensive sexuality education within in and out of school curriculum; and youth friendly health service including services for unwanted pregnancies, pre and post safe abortion care, emergency contraception, Sexually Transmitted Infections including HIV and AIDS. The youth friendly health services shall be cost effective, gender sensitive and rights based that put forward the confidentiality, non-judgmental attitudes and provision of wider choices of modern methods.
  • We call for the removal of legal, policy and cultural barriers, including parental and spousal consent for young people particularly young women to exercise their rights. ASEAN governments and stakeholders shall utilize evidence based policy making strategies on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights.
  • We demand for youth centered budget in national health system financing in all ASEAN countries.
  • We urge governments, ASEAN secretariat and committees for ensuring the availability of quality-scientific based data on ASEAN countries that address the gap of young people’s Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights which utilize the International Conference on Population and Development plan of action indicators that enabling community to actively engage in data collection and analysis for the creation of evidence based advocacy and policy making.
  • We urge ASEAN governments to strengthen the implementation of humanitarian response on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights related to disaster management especially when attending to the needs of youth-survivors.

Sustainable Development in the Protection of and Responsibilities for the Environment

Development activities in ASEAN can be associated with natural resource and environmental exploitation. Its peoples, especially the youth, are facing challenges such as air and water pollution, soil degradation which are the basic needs for human existence. Massive exploitation of natural resources in ASEAN is brought about by development projects such as roads, highways, bridges, power grid, dams, mining, nuclear power plants, natural gas extraction etc. These infrastructures may facilitate free flow of labor and goods but governments must also ensure the protection of environment and affected communities in the process. ASEAN citizens must be fully educated to responsibly manage and use natural resources and fully participate in decision making processes related to development projects.

  • We strongly call for ASEAN governments to create and support accessible platforms to discuss about the “Right of Our Earth_” in ASEAN to ensure sustainable development for present and future generations. They need to initiate mechanisms to monitor case studies on “Right of Our Earth” in the region. They must meaningfully engage the youth in this effort.
  • We demand the ASEAN to establish and implement regional, national and local guidelines/policies that require ASEAN member states to fully apply rights-based and Corporate Social Responsibility approaches to Environmental domestic laws, Foreign Direct Investment law, safeguard policies. Comprehensive, genuine and accurate Environmental Impact Assessment, Social Impact Assessment, Health Impact Assessment at the community level must be practiced at all times.
  • We urge the ASEAN to enforce mechanisms for public youth consultations, that must comply with other international standards. Free Prior Informed Consent, to ensure transparency and accountability for environmental sustainability.
  • We demand ASEAN to set up an environmental fund_ for natural disaster response with emphasis on programs for youth affected by natural and man-made calamities.

OUR ASEAN!

OUR SPIRIT!

OUR SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY!

Phnom Penh, March 2012

Undersigned by organization and network that contribute to the creation of the statement.

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Let’s talk about pleasure!

When we say the word ‘pleasure’ what comes to mind?

Pleasure is one part of Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) that is the least discussed. We must be fair to acknowledge that pleasure is one of the driving forces that lead humans to do any sexual activity. Pleasure is about more than sexuality, it is also another way to see human sexuality in a positive manner.

Pleasure is one of the seven component of  IPPF CSE framework, hence we strongly encourage to incorporate this component in our CSE work among young people. With reference to the January 2010 IPPF framework on CSE, subjects around pleasure includes:

being positive about young peoples sexuality; understanding that sex should be enjoyable and not forced; that it is much more than just sexual intercourse; sexuality as part of everybodys life; the biology and emotions behind the human sexual response; gender and pleasure; sexual wellbeing; safer sex practices and pleasure; masturbation; love, lust and relationships; interpersonal communication; the diversity of sexuality; the first sexual experience; consent; alcohol and drugs and the implications of their use; addressing stigma associated with pleasure.

 

The question is: how do you present pleasure within the CSE curricula?

At the ESEAO Regional Comprehensive Sexuality Education workshop we held in Bangkok from 13th – 16th February 2012, we did a creative activity based around pleasure.

We started by asking the participants:

what does pleasure mean to them? what gives them pleasure?

 

Some of the answers we got were:

Talking with loved ones – Having sex – Watching porn – Holding hands – Orgasms – Hugs – Kisses

 

We also asked the participants to rate these activities and arrange what they considered to be highly pleasurable at the top and not as pleasurable at the bottom.

  • Walking hand in hand
  • Kissing
  • Intercourse
  • Deep kissing
  • Touching each other’s genitals
  • Rubbing against each other
  • Oral sex
  • Gazing in each other’s arms
  • Caressing his/her hair.

 

 

 

 

 

The activity helps us to realize the differences we all have in defining what we believe pleasure is to us. It is also important to recognize that not everyone has the same idea about pleasure and that pleasure is an important part of our sexual identity.

Do you want to try this games? 😀

Formulating advocacy messages on Comprehensive Sexuality Education: How do you make it?

Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) is inevitably a part of human rights. A good CSE will help young people to maintain a healthy and fulfilling life with adequate knowledge, skills, and attitudes that they need to make informed choices. A lot of research and studies have shown that CSE can help young people to abstain from or delay the debut of sexual relations; reduce the frequency of unprotected sexual activity; reduce the number of sexual partners; and increase the use of protection against unintended pregnancy, STIs and HIV during sexual intercourse.[1]

Within the context of the South-East Asia region, some countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines have not started providing sexuality education as part of their school curriculum. On the other hand, in Vietnam, there are attempts to integrate sexuality education with some limitations which mostly focuses only on HIV and AIDS prevention.[2] There are still gaps in providing a Comprehensive Sexuality Education for young people and it is our chance to advocate filling these gaps. An advocacy effort to integrate CSE within the school curricula is a must.

The question is: How to formulate advocacy message for CSE, particularly to the government and relevant stakeholders? Here are some tools that you can use in developing an advocacy plan for CSE:

1. Use simple and more acceptable language: Family and Life skills education

Comprehensive sexuality education is quite a new term and the word ‘sexuality’ is somehow perceived as a taboo word. Some countries have used softer words such as family and life skills education. The content is actually the same and it is just named differently. This has been done in Thailand, where sexuality education has been taught in school since 1978 under the term ‘Life and Family Studies’. The content within this curricula is very much focused on reproductive system and personal hygiene.[3]

2. CSE program is a cost-effective program which can improve young peoples health

In 2010, UNESCO conduct a cost and cost-effectiveness study in six countries. This study showed that sexuality education does save cost. It also improves young people’s health outcomes, including reductions in unintended pregnancy, HIV infections and other STIs.[4] The outcome of the study is important for us, as we can use it to advocate among the governments to invest more in CSE within school curricula.

3. CSE is one of the commitments that must be fulfilled by the Government, it links with Millennium Development Goals.

Firstly we need to find out whether our governments are committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. If it is yes, then it is a political commitment made by them within the context of international relation to support these goals. CSE is linked with Millennium Development Goals point 2, 3, 5, and 6.[5]

MDGs 2: Achieve universal primary education

Introducing CSE within primary education helps young people to avoid unwanted pregnancies and other reproductive and sexual health problems.

MDGs 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

CSE curricula that offers specific topics such as gender role, sexuality, equality will empower young people especially young women to take control of their sexual and reproductive health and make decision related to their relationship. These topics will also help to sensitize young men on gender equality and to play a supportive role in promoting gender equality.

MDGs 5: Improve maternal health

CSE can help to achieve this goal by two ways. Firstly, by helping young women take control over their sexual and reproductive lives. It can reduce unwanted pregnancies and create a safer environment for childbearing. Secondly, comprehensive sexuality education can increase demand for and access to health services, including safe abortion services that are affordable, accessible, confidential and non-judgmental.

MDGs 6: Combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases

CSE is undoubtedly an effective prevention strategy to reduce the transmission of HIV and other STIs. Aside from this, the issues of stigma and discrimination can be addressed. This will help young people feel more comfortable in accessing health services, particularly YKAP (Young Key Affected Population) such as young injected drug users, young men who have sex with men, young transgender, young sex workers, and young people living with HIV and AIDS


[1] International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education: An evidence-informed approach for schools, teachers, and health educator. UNESCO. 2009

[2] Reclaiming and Redefining Rights: Thematic Studies Series 1, Sexuality and Rights in Asia. ARROW. 2011

[3] Reclaiming and Redefining Rights: Thematic Studies Series 1, Sexuality and Rights in Asia. ARROW. 2011

[4] School-based Sexuality Education Programmes: A cost and cost-effectiveness analysis in six countries. UNESCO. 2011

[5] From evidence to action: Advocating for comprehensive sexuality education, IPPF July 2009

Advocacy Statement from Youth Activists and Advocates from Asia Pacific for the 45th Session of the Commission on Population and Development

Young activists and advocates from Asia-Pacific demand full recognition of young people’s Sexual and Reproductive Rights for the 45th session of the Commission on Population and Development

We, young activists and advocates from across Asia and the Pacific belonging to various backgrounds and a range of movements; and organizations [1], welcome the forty-fifth theme of the Commission on Population and Development – ‘Adolescents and Youth’.

In 2011, there are 7 billion people in the world; with young people between the ages 10 and 24 accounting for nearly half that number. Eighty-five percent of young people live in developing societies and face grave health concerns, including sexual and reproductive health that have grave implications on access to information, services, and resources. Fulfillment of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is an integral part of our health, and has an impact on all aspects of a young person’s life, and thus must be prioritized to enhance our health, well-being, and rights. Keeping this at the forefront of the agenda, we make the following recommendations:

Recommendation 1: Protection of reproductive rights as human rights, and international recognition and adoption of sexual rights as human rights
Asia and the Pacific accounts for approximately 850 million young people [2]. We face multi-layered problems such as the issues of employment, poverty, education, and health that intersect with harmful cultural and traditional norms; impacting and restricting our access to a spectrum of rights, including SRHR, which are protected under instruments such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). In addition, the International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action, Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, the Yogyakarta principles, and the World Programme of Action for Youth affirms our SRHR, bodily integrity, and the right for young people to meaningfully engage in decision making process.

Recommendation 2: Mainstreaming gender and a youth-centered budget in health system financing
Young women and girls in low-income countries continue to face the risks of permanent disability and death due to pregnancy-related conditions and experiences severe forms of gender-based violence.[3],[4] Young women and girls in the region also face the politics of gender inequality, puberty[5], parental and marriage consent[6]which pose further challenges in obtaining accurate and rights-based information about their own bodies, reproductive health, and sexuality[7]; thus endangering their health & well-being even more. Each year, there are an estimated 2.7 million unintended pregnancies among adolescent women living in South Central and Southeast Asia [8]. Ninety-three percent of unintended pregnancies in South Central and Southeast Asia are experienced by adolescent and young women, and occur among those who are using traditional or no contraceptive methods [9]. There is an added concern of access and support networks available for young married women, as services and relevant information are not accessible and available to them.

Recommendation 3: Provision of access to Comprehensive Sexuality Education and access to Youth Friendly Services for all young people; including pre and post safe abortion care and services

The South-East Asian and the Pacific regions have the second highest HIV prevalence rates with about 1.27 million young people currently living with HIV [10]. The United Nations Secretary General’s report reflects that in 2007, national surveys found that 40 per cent of young males (ages 15-24) and 36 percent of young females had accurate knowledge regarding HIV — still well below the goal of achieving 95 per cent of young people having accurate HIV knowledge, which was unanimously endorsed by Member States in the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS[11].

Young peoples’ lack of access, especially young girls, to information on sexual and reproductive health and rights is of intense concern. Comprehensive Sexuality Education that is framed in a positive, gendered manner and grounded in a human rights approach will go a long way towards empowering young people with the knowledge, tools, and skills to determine and enjoy their sexuality in a safe, comfortable, and healthy way.

Recommendation 4: Removal of legal, policy and cultural barriers, including parental and spousal consent for young people, particularly young women to exercise their rights.

The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development Programme of Action (ICPD PoA) explicitly recognizes the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people; identifying it as an issue requiring urgent attention and efforts. It also emphasizes the right of young persons to access services & information; respecting their right to privacy and confidentiality. However, matters of age; marital status; parental consent; and related cultural/traditional concepts restrict young people’s access to services, resources, information, and rights,

As the leaders within our communities today and as leaders of the future; we make the following recommendations:

1. Protection of reproductive rights as human rights and international recognition & adoption of sexual rights as human rights.
2. Mainstreaming gender, and a youth-centered budget in National health system financing
3. Provision of access to Comprehensive Sexuality Education and access to Youth Friendly Services for all young people, including comprehensive services for unintended pregnancies with pre and post safe abortion care and services
4. Removal of legal, policy and cultural barriers, including parental and spousal consent for young people, particularly young women, to exercise their rights.
5. Support for young people’s meaningful participation, leadership and involvement at all levels and types of decision making on development issues, especially sexual and reproductive rights and health, including in policy creation, planning, implementation & evaluation.
6. Ensuring the availability of quality, scientific-based data on Asian and Pacific young people’s Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights that enables communities to actively engage in data collection and analysis for the creation of evidence based advocacy and policy making. .

We strongly believe that it is only with meaningful investment in young people and the fulfillment of our rights that we can achieve the goals of the ICPD PoA, and continue to lead healthy lives. We strongly urge the commission to consider and adopt these recommendations at the earliest.

[1] Young people whose Working with communities of young women and girls, young people living with HIV/AIDS, young people who use drugs, young sex workers, young people of diverse sexualities, young transgendered persons, young men who have sex with men, young environmentalists.
[2] Civil Society Statement for the 42ND Session of the Commission on Population and Development 2009.
[3] WHO. 2009. Women and Health: Today’s Evidence, Tomorrow’s Agenda. WHO Press: Geneva.
[4] WHO. 2005. Summary Report: WHO Multi-Country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence Against Women: Initial Results on prevalence, health outcomes and women’s responses. WHO Press: Geneva.
[5] International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education: An evidence-informed approach for schools, teachers, and health educator. UNESCO. 2009
[6] ARROW for Change: Young and Vulnerable—The reality of unsafe abortion among adolescent and young women. Vol.13 No.3.ARROW. 2006.
[7] ARROW for Change: HIV/AIDS and SRHR—How was Funding Fuelled the Divide. Vol 12 No.1.ARROW. 2006
[8] The Guttmacher Institute. Facts on the Sexual and Reproductive Health Of Adolescent Women in the Developing World. New York: The Guttmacher Institute, 2010.
[9] Rosen, J. Position paper on mainstreaming adolescent pregnancy in efforts to make pregnancy safer. World Bank: Washington, DC, 2010
[10] Global Youth Coalition on HIV/AIDS. Young People and HIV factsheet. GYCA. New York: 2007
[11] International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education: An evidence-informed approach for schools, teachers, and health educator. UNESCO. 2009

Our first meeting to consolidate ESEAOR youth network!

What do you know about the IPPF ESEAOR Youth Network? What is the first thing that comes into your mind when we mention these words?

Currently the IPPF ESEAOR youth network is fluid and still in the process of building in the East, South East Asia and Oceania region. Since November 2011 all of our activities have been online discussion based. We luckily had a chance to meet with each other for a four day workshop about Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Bangkok. Yes! One special day for young people and adults to sit together and discuss how and what we can do to further build this youth network and ensure the voices of young people in the region can be heard worldwide!

A regional youth consultative meeting was held on the 17th – 20th February 2012. This meeting gathered six youth representatives from six IPPF ESEAOR MA’s, four youth participants from regional organisations (Youth LEAD and YPEER) and IPPF staff.

This meeting was designed to consult with youth activists on how to build, maintain, mobilize, and strategize youth networks on a regional level. We also worked on formulating and realizing what meaningful youth participation is in programs and how to advocate initiatives!

It was revealed that the common challenge while working with young people is the knowledge transfer process, coping with limited funding, and making sure adults understand that young people need space and time for capacity building to empower them. One particular challenge on a regional level is language barriers. Language barriers are a big obstacle when linking young people on the grassroots level with regional process

We were lucky to have Arushi Singh, one of the founders of SARYN (South Asia Regional Youth Network) shared her experience about the building process of youth network. He explained that the regional youth network should be supported by a strong national youth network, and this should be a priority when developing the youth network.

Therefore, it is important to have committed SRHR youth activists working continuously to support this network. This can be hard, as sometimes adults use age as an excuse not to involve young people. This should not be a barrier, instead it should be a common cause to build the capacity of young people.

 ”Ït was very great to see everyone and I hope we can support and work together in the future”- Thaw, Youth LEAD

“This meeting will help build the ESEAOR Youth Network. Working with young people doesn’t mean we don’t need the adults, we should build trust with the adults.”

 

In the afternoon session we met with our internal youth network. We discussed how to build up youth media on a national level, youth friendly services, youth adult partnerships, and the upcoming regional youth forum in July 2012. We also shared about upcoming regional and international events and how young people can meaningfully engage in their processes. In 2012 events being held are, the United Nation CPD meeting, International AIDS Conference, ASEAN People’s Forum and Rio+20 Earth Summit.

This year will be a challenging year for us to advocate regionally and internationally. This meeting helped bring young people into a safe space for them to share about their work on a national level and to start involving them more in regional processes.

Are you interested in joining us? Start contributing in your respective MA’s and we will keep you updated! 😀