CLOSE THE GAP (VISION 2020)

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Vision 2020 no.2: Increase access to sexual and reproductive health and rights in order to close the gap between the top and bottom wealth quintiles by 50% by the year 2020

(ISSUE) World Health Organization – SRH/HIV: Access to and coverage of services

By minimizing missed opportunities we can increase access and coverage of services for more people including vulnerable populations, and ensure services for people living with HIV that meet their needs and respect their rights.

Country case studies

Linkages between sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV

These case studies demonstrate the two-way flow between sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS health-care services and reflect the diversity of integration models. They provide a brief overview that shows why the decision to integrate was taken, by whom, and what actions were needed to make it happen. The intention is to share some of the experience and lessons learnt that may be useful to others who wish to consider actions to strengthen this integration.

VISION 2020 (2) – IPPF calls on governments to:

–          Invest in educational and other programmes aimed at empowering young women and girls in particular to make informed choices, and demand accountability from service providers;

–          Create a legal and policy environment with social protection and justice measures that render sexual and reproductive health services economically accessible to poor and marginalized groups, aimed at ensuring greater progress amongst the poorest relative to the wealthiest quintile so as to significantly reduce the gap that currently exists between them;

–          Improve supply chain management, human, technical and other resources in order to minimize stock-outs and ensure the timely availability of commodities, including emergency contraceptives, of the highest possible quality at a cost that represents value for money within the context of the provision of affordable sustainable services;

–          Support innovative technologies, service delivery approaches, etc to reach young people and the poor; and also support civil society organizations that address the needs of the most vulnerable.

Read more at: http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/linkages/en/

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SRHR as Development Goal (VISION 2020)

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BY 2020 WE WANT ALL GOVERNMENT TO:

  1. Establish by 2015 a new international development framework that includes sexual and reproductive health and rights as essential priorities

Visionary Development Goal on Sexual and Reproductive Health & Rights

Development policies and programmes aim to raise the quality of life for the citizens and welfare of the planet and aspire to eradicate poverty, through developing sustainable fair patterns of consumption and production, encouraging human resource development, and guaranteeing human rights. Integral to these goals are the development objectives of creating greater health equity, gender equality and socio-economic parity. The development goal on SRHR is inspired by and based on decades of commitment to the SRHR agenda by the women’s movement, the youth movement, the reproductive health community, the public health community and builds on the various milestones that have been achieved so far. These milestones include internationally agreed upon resolutions/conventions highlighting the importance of a human rights-based approach to population and development that embody government commitments to fulfilling the SRHR of women, young people and other marginalized population groups. Governments must be held accountable for progress (or the lack of it) toward meeting these commitments.

IPPF calls on governments to:

–          Adopt a participatory process for designing a new international development agenda based on principles of gender equality, respect for human rights, and social justice, in which all stakeholders, including young people can be heard;

–          Develop a unifying global framework that recognizes the needs of countries to establish relevant goals and indicators in respect of the needs of their citizens in general and their SRHR needs in particular;

–          Establish mechanisms for accountability and transparency regarding resource allocation and outcomes that include the participation of civil society.

–          Support civil society organizations to develop their own capacity to monitor the implementation of the commitments made.

Launched IPPFVision 2020 around the globe

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29 April 2013

Around the globe Member Association staff, volunteers and clients rallied together to proudly announce the launch of the Vision 2020 manifesto to the public.

The creative ways in which member Associations promoted Vision 2020in their countries were powerfully engaging. Young people and adolescents drove the public activities and strongly support the plan.

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Link: http://ippf.org/news/IPPF-launches-Vision-2020-around-globe

 

IPPF Vision 2020 Manifesto

Vision2020_Alln 2000 the United Nations launched the Millennium Development Goals. The world agreed to take action against poverty. Although progress has been made, we are still far from eradicating poverty.

About Vision 2020

However, in the years since the MDG Declaration, the sexual and reproductive health and rights landscape has changed. Global health funding for sexual and reproductive rights and health has declined significantly, and in every region of the world, a maturing HIV epidemic increasingly affects women and girls.

Rising conservative tides have threatened hard-won sexual and reproductive rights victories and compromised the safety and wellbeing of all, particularly of young women in poor communities.

Similarly, several global processes – the MDG review on the post‑2015 Development Agenda, a twenty-year review of progress towards achieving the Cairo Programme of Action, and a discussion on the Sustainable Development Goals initiated at the Rio + 20 conference – are happening now and in forthcoming years, all with implications for the future of the global sexual and reproductive health and rights agenda. It is of the utmost importance that advancing sexual and reproductive rights is central to the international/global development framework that will succeed the MDGs, and will determine policies, priorities and resources allocation worldwide for the decade ahead.

Why Now?

In the second decade of the 21st century, the more than seven billion people sharing the planet face a number of global challenges: threats such as climate change and growing inequalities among and within countries persist alongside the unfinished agenda of poverty elimination at a time when the global financial crisis has reduced the funding available for international development.

Despite these challenges, the current development landscape provides unparalleled opportunities to secure a world of justice, choice and well-being for all. The International Planned Parenthood

Federation (IPPF) envisions a world in which all international programmes work towards the elimination of poverty and hunger in ways that respect, protect, and fulfil human rights.

For more info, download IPPF Vision 2020 Manifesto in PDF: http://ippf.org/resource/Vision2020

Highlights of the Girls Decide Parallel Session on 6th APCRSHR, 11 October 2011

During the last 6th Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights, IPPF ESEAOR in cooperation with IPPF SARO hosted a parallel session on Girls Decide. The session was full-reserved and a lot of things occur and be discussed. What happened during this session? Just go through this page! Enjoy! 🙂

Panel Members:

  • Ms Anjali Sen, Regional Director, IPPF-South Asia Region (SA),
  • Dr. Anna Whelan, Regional Director,  IPPF-East South East Asia and Oceania Region (ESEAO),
  • Ms. Syefa Ahmed, Youth Representative, IPPF South Asia
  • Ms. Denty Nastitie, Youth Volunteer, Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA)

Moderator:

Mr. Milinda Rajapaksa, IPPF-SARYN Coordinator

Dr. Anna Whelan, Regional Director, IPPF-ESEAO delivered her opening remarks and said that as IPPF will celebrate its sixtieth (60th) year anniversary on 2012, and as opposed to its age, IPPF becomes invigorated. IPPF is guided by its strategic framework for adolescent. IPPF is on the advantage as it works with the established young people and at the same time provide SRH services to them. In 2010, IPPF provided 4 million services to young people and a considerable amount of which are in the South Asia Region.

The IPPF Girls Decide videos Young Motherhood: Halima’s Journey and Child Marriage: Hosna’s journey were shown and followed by two short presentations by Denty and Syefa, youth volunteers from Indonesia and Bangladesh IPPF Member Associations respectively. Presentation entitled “Young Women and Girls in Indonesia,Can We Decide?” showed that  Indonesia is a multicultural country Due to patriarchy and unsafe practices, young girls are at risk of sexual violence and other types of violence (child marriage for example is still practiced in the country). Denty also encouraged other young people to take an active role in youth initiatives that promote youth friendly services and comprehensive sexuality education.

On the second presentation entitled “Girls Decide: experiences from South Asia”, Syefa highlighted the marked differences between rural and urban situation of young people and presented staggering figures where more than two-thirds (2/3) of women in Bangladesh are married by age 18. She also shared that many young married girls face lots of pressure from their parents in law to have babies early in marriage as they consider reproduction as a standard for a successful relationship.

Following the two presentations the discussion was opened to the floor. The session organisers opted for an open forum – rather than Q&A, pieces of paper were distributed for each participant to write his/her own challenges faced with regard to their sexual and reproductive health and rights as young people. Everyone was then invited to throw their paper to other participants in the room. The person who caught the ‘snow ball’ would then read out the challenges and would try to address it. The moderator of the session, Milinda Rajapaksha, SARYN coordinator, further elaborated and encouraged discussions at every challenge presented. Below are the highlights of the discussions in the open forum:

  • The high cost of contraceptives is a hindering factor for young people accessing to contraception.
  • A young parliamentarian from Pakistan cited several efforts were made to address youth policies by means of approaching constitutional reforms and integrating youth policy into it.
  • An adult participant from the Netherlands shared about the kind of sex education they get in schools curricula in their country. She further elaborated  that a young girl who has a good understanding of her physical body, accessibility to information and SRH services, has the advantage to be well equipped to make better choices with her body.  This has resulted in contributing being the country having the lowest rate of teenage pregnancies.
  • A young person from Bangladesh also shared also that at policy level t young people has access to different family planning methods. There is also a need to advocate to the government and at the same time with the community on providing family planning access to young people. . Stigma should be addressed and need to ensure friendliness of the health service providers.
  • On the issue of advocating with the religious leaders, a young person from Bangladesh shared the works of the madrassah. This work involves training of young people in advocating to the religious leaders, to the local governments and convincing parents to let the girl child decide for herself. The topics in the training are about their physical bodies, sexual pleasure, sexuality, HIV and AIDS, sexual diversity include LGBTQI and prioritizing the needs of young people on youth friendly services.
  • Creating safer spaces for young people for SRH services is important
  • Approaching sexuality positively
  • Issues of transgender are always being left behind
  • A young person from Sri Lanka shared on the SPEAK OUT campaign against sexual harassment faced by young women especially those which happened in public transportation and to make a report to a hotline.
  • A journalist asked whether teaching sexuality education would push young people to become promiscuous. The respond was that there are many studies which showed evidence that young people will not become promiscuous as they were being taught on sexuality education.
  • The common theme that emerged from the session was the need for young people to support and push for youth-lead initiatives on SRHR ———————–.

IPPF – South Asia Regional Director, Ms. Anjali Sen closed the session. Ms Anjali stressed that there is growing global consensus that girls are central to be key player in development. IPPF’s unique contribution in this groundswell of support is to highlight the importance of girls’ and young women’s sexual and reproductive lives. These efforts will not only make a big difference in the lives of girls and young women, but also will feed into the global processes, including the MDGs and the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health.

This one and half hour satellite session was a joint event organized by IPPF ESEAOR and IPPF SAR which was coordinated by Ms Jayamalar Samuel and Ms Francesca Barolo.

Documented by

Mr. Brayant Gonzales, Family Planning Organization of the Philippines (FPOP) , Youth focal point