IPPF Vision 2020 Manifesto

Vision2020_Alln 2000 the United Nations launched the Millennium Development Goals. The world agreed to take action against poverty. Although progress has been made, we are still far from eradicating poverty.

About Vision 2020

However, in the years since the MDG Declaration, the sexual and reproductive health and rights landscape has changed. Global health funding for sexual and reproductive rights and health has declined significantly, and in every region of the world, a maturing HIV epidemic increasingly affects women and girls.

Rising conservative tides have threatened hard-won sexual and reproductive rights victories and compromised the safety and wellbeing of all, particularly of young women in poor communities.

Similarly, several global processes – the MDG review on the post‑2015 Development Agenda, a twenty-year review of progress towards achieving the Cairo Programme of Action, and a discussion on the Sustainable Development Goals initiated at the Rio + 20 conference – are happening now and in forthcoming years, all with implications for the future of the global sexual and reproductive health and rights agenda. It is of the utmost importance that advancing sexual and reproductive rights is central to the international/global development framework that will succeed the MDGs, and will determine policies, priorities and resources allocation worldwide for the decade ahead.

Why Now?

In the second decade of the 21st century, the more than seven billion people sharing the planet face a number of global challenges: threats such as climate change and growing inequalities among and within countries persist alongside the unfinished agenda of poverty elimination at a time when the global financial crisis has reduced the funding available for international development.

Despite these challenges, the current development landscape provides unparalleled opportunities to secure a world of justice, choice and well-being for all. The International Planned Parenthood

Federation (IPPF) envisions a world in which all international programmes work towards the elimination of poverty and hunger in ways that respect, protect, and fulfil human rights.

For more info, download IPPF Vision 2020 Manifesto in PDF: http://ippf.org/resource/Vision2020


FPOP SocSarGen chapter thru INTERACT GenSan commemorates International AIDS Candlelight Memorial

May 18, 2012- Family Planning Organization of the Philippines thru INTERACT GenSan- a network composed of young leaders from different young people organizations advocating ASRH initiated an activity in line with the celebration of International HIV/AIDS Candlelight Memorial at Sangguniang Panlungsod Learning Center of General Santos City.

The event was participated by the young leaders from Teen Support Group (TSG), RCR Foundation, Pag-asa Youth Association of the Philippines (PYAP), Young Development Leaders per district in the city, Peer Facilitator’s Society of Mindanao Polytechnic College and SK kagawads of Barangay North. The event with the theme “Promoting Health and Dignity Together” aimed to promote respect and dignity and to uphold and protect the rights of people living with HIV. Further, it commemorates those people who died with AIDS.

Highlights of the event include the discussion on STI, HIV and AIDS, workshop (Power Walk) On Understanding Stigma and Discrimination, the city and youth’s commitment on eradicating social stigma and discrimination, and the Candle lighting ceremony.

Dra. Mely Lastimoso, Medical Health Officer V of City Health Office, and Social Hygiene Clinic Head of the city graced the invitation to talk about STI, HIV and AIDS. Dra. Lastimoso discussed the different ways and means to protect one’s self from HIV/ AIDS and she also gave emphasis on the ADCDE method. Further, she encouraged all the participants for free testing at the Social Hygiene Clinic.

After the discussion was the activity on Understanding Stigma and Discrimination thru a Power Walk. Ten characters in the society were portrayed in the activity. Statements regarding access to plenty information on STI, HIV and AIDS, access to treatment, care and support, access to quality Health care services and youth friendly medical services were asked during the activity. At the end, the participants were delighted because they were able to determine their power in the society based on the given character. “Our society is very judgmental. And so, there is an unequal perception and treatment between people from the higher class and the lower class”, Grace, one of the participants noted.

After the activity, an inspirational message was given thru a voice recording by Vice-Mayor Shirlyn Nograles on the city’s commitment to eradicate social stigma and discrimination on PLHIV. Further, her message was discussed thoroughly by a representative from her office. She noted that the city has a program on the treatment, care and support on PLHIV. She also appreciated the role of FPOP thru the youth network for its massive campaign to combat HIV/ AIDS.

Following the message, was the rationale presentation why IACM was celebrated every third week of month of May in respect of those people who died with AIDS. The candle lighting ceremony was facilitated by Christopher Peñales, the Chapter Program Manager. He began by letting the participants form a circle around the red ribbon- symbol of AIDS. He then asked the young ones to offer a prayer to those who have died w/ AIDS. After which, each candle was lighted and everyone gave their simple commitment to fight stigma and discrimination on PLHIV. Right after each participant gave his/her commitment, the candle was then put into a ribbon forming the symbol of AIDS.

Moreover, the activity ended with delight on each other’s faces as they signed and wrote a message on a shirt for their pledge of commitments. “I was amazed. Now even at my young age, I can do something to combat and raise awareness against HIV/AIDS thus to contribute to MDG to halt HIV/ AIDS. In my own little ways, I will be an HIV/AIDS advocate”, James, a participant remarked.

Formulating advocacy messages on Comprehensive Sexuality Education: How do you make it?

Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) is inevitably a part of human rights. A good CSE will help young people to maintain a healthy and fulfilling life with adequate knowledge, skills, and attitudes that they need to make informed choices. A lot of research and studies have shown that CSE can help young people to abstain from or delay the debut of sexual relations; reduce the frequency of unprotected sexual activity; reduce the number of sexual partners; and increase the use of protection against unintended pregnancy, STIs and HIV during sexual intercourse.[1]

Within the context of the South-East Asia region, some countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines have not started providing sexuality education as part of their school curriculum. On the other hand, in Vietnam, there are attempts to integrate sexuality education with some limitations which mostly focuses only on HIV and AIDS prevention.[2] There are still gaps in providing a Comprehensive Sexuality Education for young people and it is our chance to advocate filling these gaps. An advocacy effort to integrate CSE within the school curricula is a must.

The question is: How to formulate advocacy message for CSE, particularly to the government and relevant stakeholders? Here are some tools that you can use in developing an advocacy plan for CSE:

1. Use simple and more acceptable language: Family and Life skills education

Comprehensive sexuality education is quite a new term and the word ‘sexuality’ is somehow perceived as a taboo word. Some countries have used softer words such as family and life skills education. The content is actually the same and it is just named differently. This has been done in Thailand, where sexuality education has been taught in school since 1978 under the term ‘Life and Family Studies’. The content within this curricula is very much focused on reproductive system and personal hygiene.[3]

2. CSE program is a cost-effective program which can improve young peoples health

In 2010, UNESCO conduct a cost and cost-effectiveness study in six countries. This study showed that sexuality education does save cost. It also improves young people’s health outcomes, including reductions in unintended pregnancy, HIV infections and other STIs.[4] The outcome of the study is important for us, as we can use it to advocate among the governments to invest more in CSE within school curricula.

3. CSE is one of the commitments that must be fulfilled by the Government, it links with Millennium Development Goals.

Firstly we need to find out whether our governments are committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. If it is yes, then it is a political commitment made by them within the context of international relation to support these goals. CSE is linked with Millennium Development Goals point 2, 3, 5, and 6.[5]

MDGs 2: Achieve universal primary education

Introducing CSE within primary education helps young people to avoid unwanted pregnancies and other reproductive and sexual health problems.

MDGs 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

CSE curricula that offers specific topics such as gender role, sexuality, equality will empower young people especially young women to take control of their sexual and reproductive health and make decision related to their relationship. These topics will also help to sensitize young men on gender equality and to play a supportive role in promoting gender equality.

MDGs 5: Improve maternal health

CSE can help to achieve this goal by two ways. Firstly, by helping young women take control over their sexual and reproductive lives. It can reduce unwanted pregnancies and create a safer environment for childbearing. Secondly, comprehensive sexuality education can increase demand for and access to health services, including safe abortion services that are affordable, accessible, confidential and non-judgmental.

MDGs 6: Combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases

CSE is undoubtedly an effective prevention strategy to reduce the transmission of HIV and other STIs. Aside from this, the issues of stigma and discrimination can be addressed. This will help young people feel more comfortable in accessing health services, particularly YKAP (Young Key Affected Population) such as young injected drug users, young men who have sex with men, young transgender, young sex workers, and young people living with HIV and AIDS

[1] International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education: An evidence-informed approach for schools, teachers, and health educator. UNESCO. 2009

[2] Reclaiming and Redefining Rights: Thematic Studies Series 1, Sexuality and Rights in Asia. ARROW. 2011

[3] Reclaiming and Redefining Rights: Thematic Studies Series 1, Sexuality and Rights in Asia. ARROW. 2011

[4] School-based Sexuality Education Programmes: A cost and cost-effectiveness analysis in six countries. UNESCO. 2011

[5] From evidence to action: Advocating for comprehensive sexuality education, IPPF July 2009